Aaron, Charles.  "Ordinary People." Spin.  April 1994.

Althouse, Jay.  Copyright:  The Complete Guide for Music Educators.  East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania:  Music in Action, 1984.

Arlacchi, Pino.  Mafia Business:  The Mafia Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.  Translated by Martin Ryle.  London:  Verso (the Imprint of New Left Books), 1986.

Baron, Stanley.  Benny:  King of Swing.  New York:  William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1979.

Breen, Mike.  "The Ska Is the Limit" in City Beat: Weekly Issues, Arts and Events, Vol.  3, Issue 25.  Cincinnati, Ohio.

Broven, John.  South to Louisiana:  The Music of the Cajun Bayous.  Gretna, Louisiana:  Pelican Publishing Company, 1983.

Brown, Charles T.  The Art of Rock and Roll.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall Inc., 1983.

Cameron, Keith.  "Is Nirvana Truly Great?" New Musical Express Magazine.  September 1991.

Case, Brian, ed.  The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Jazz.  London:  Salamander Books, Ltd., 1978.

Chapple, Steve and Reebee Garafalo.  Rock'n'Roll Is Here To Pay.  Chicago:  Nelson-Hall, 1977.

Charlton, Katherine.  Rock Music Styles:  A History.  Dubuque, Iowa:  Wm.  C.  Brown Publishers, 1990.

Chilton, John.  Who's Who of Jazz:  Storyville to Swing Street.  Philadelphia:  Chilton Book Company, 1979.

Clarke, Donald, ed.  The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music.  Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England:  Penguin Books, 1990.

Clifford, Mike, ed.  The Harmony Illustrated Encyclopedia of Rock.  London:  Salamander Books, Ltd., 1988.

Costello, Mark and David Foster Wallace.  Signifying Rappers:  Rap and Race In the Urban Present.  New York:  The Ecco Press, 1990.

Dexter, Dave Jr.  The Jazz Story.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall Inc., 1964.

Dolgins, Adam.  Rock Names:  From ABBA To ZZ Top.  New York:  Citadel Press, Inc., 1993.

Dixon, Keith.  "Pat Boone, Minus Those White Bucks," New York Times, May 4, 1997, Section 2, page H-20.

Dubro, James.  Mob Mistress.  Toronto, Canada:  Beacon Hill Productions, Inc., 1988.

Erlewine, Michael, editor.  All Music Guide.  San Francisco: Miller Freeman Books, 1994.

Ewen, David.  All the Years of American Popular Music.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall Inc., 1977.

__________.  The Complete Book of the American Musical Theater.  New York:  Henry Holt and Company, 1959.

Farley, Christopher John.  "The New Video Wizards," Time (Vol.  150,  No.  9) September 1, 1997, pp.  68-70.

Futrell, Jon, ed.  The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Black Music.  London: Salamander Books, Ltd., 1977.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.  The Signifying Monkey:  A Theory of African-American Literary Criticism.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1988.

Geist, Christopher D.  and Jack Nachbar, eds.  The Popular Culture Reader.  Third Edition.  Bowling Green, Ohio:  Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1983.

Gerard, Charley and Marty Sheller.  Salsa!  The Rhythm of Latin Music.  Crown Point, Indiana:  White Cliffs Media Company, 1988. 

Girardin, G.  Russell with William J.  Helmer.  Dillinger:  The Untold Story.  Bloomington, Indiana:  Indiana University Press, 1994. 

Giancana, Antoinette and Thomas C.  Renner.  Mafia Princess:  Growing Up In Sam Giancana's Family.  New York:  William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1984.

Gleason, Harold.  American Music From 1620 to 1920.  Music Literature Outline Series.  Rochester, New York:  Lewis Store, 1955.

Green, Stanley.  Broadway Musicals:  Show By Show.  Milwaukee, Wisconsin:  Hal Leonard Books, 1985.

Greer, Jim.  "The Courtship of Eddie Vedder." Spin.  December 1993.

Gridley, Mark C.  Jazz Styles:  History & Analysis.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall Inc., 1988.

Grossberg, Lawrence.  ‘The Media Economy of Rock Culture’, in Simon Frith (ed.), Sound and Vision: The Music Video Reader.  New York, New York: Routledge, 1993.

Hebridge, Dick.  Cut 'N' Mix:  Culture, Identity, and Caribbean Music.  London: Methuen & Co., 1987.

Helander, Brock.  The Rock Who's Who.  New York:  Schirmer Books, 1982.

Hemming, Roy and David Hajdu.  Discovering Great Singers of Classic Pop.  New York:  Newmarket Press, 1991. 

Ianni, Francis A.  J.  A Family Business:  Kinship and Social Control in Organized Crime.  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation, 1972. 

Jablonski, Edward, ed.  The Encyclopedia of America Music.  New York:  Doubleday & Co., 1981.

Jacobs, Dick.  Who Wrote That Song?  White Hall, Virginia:  Betterway Publications, Inc., 1988.

Jacoby, Neil H.  and Peter Nehemkis and Richard Eells.  Bribery and Exhortation in World Business:  A Study of Corporate Political Payments Abroad.  New York:  Macmillan Publishing Co., 1977.

Kemp, Mark.  "Odelay" review.  Rolling Stone.  June 1996.

Lacey Robert.  Little Man:  Meyer Lansky and the Gangster Life.  Boston:  Little, Brown and Company, 1991.

Lazell, Barry ed.  Rock Movers & Shakers.  New York:  Billboard Publications, Inc., 1989.

Logan, Nick and Bob Woffinden, eds.  The Illustrated Encyclopedia   of Rock.  London:  Salamander Books Ltd., 1977. 

Lomax, John III.  Nashville:  Music City U.S.A.  New York:  Harry N.  Abrams, Inc., 1985.

Malone, Bill C.  Country Music, U.S.A.  Austin:  The University of Texas Press, 1968. 

Maltby, Richard.  Passing Parade:  A History of Popular Culture in the Twentieth Century.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1989.

Marre, Jeremy and Hannah Charlton.  Beats of the Heart:  Popular Music of the World.  New York:  Pantheon Books, 1985.

Martin, Henry.  Enjoying Jazz.  New York:  Schirmer Books, 1986.

Megill, Donald D.  and Richard S.  Demory.  Introduction to Jazz History.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall, 1989.

Nite, Norm N.  Rock On Almanac:  The First Four Decades of Rock'n'Roll.  New York:  Harper and Row, Publishers, 1989.

Noonan, John T., Jr.  Bribes.  New York:  Macmillan Publishing Company, 1984.

Oliver, Paul.  The Story of the Blues.  Radnor, Pennsylvania:  Chilton Book Company, 1982.

Palmer, Tony.  All You Need Is Love:  The Story of Popular Music.  New York:  Grossman Publishers, 1976.

__________.  Rock & Roll:  An Unruly History.  New York:  Harmony Books, 1995.

Palmer, Trisha, ed.  The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Country Music.  London:  Salamander books, 1977. 

Pleasants, Henry.  The Great American Popular Singers:  Their Lives, Careers, & Art.  New York:  Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1974.

Roberts, John Storm.  The Latin Tinge:  The Impact of Latin American Music on the United States.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1979.

Schuftan, Craig.  Entertain Us! The Rise and Fall of Alternative Rock in the Nineties.  Sydney, Australia: Harper Collins, 2012. 

Shannon, Bob and John Javna.  Behind the Hits.  New York:  Warner Books, Inc., 1986.

Shaw, Arnold.  Black Popular Music in America.  New York:  Schirmer Books, 1986.

__________.  Dictionary of American Pop/Rock.  New York:  Schirmer Books, 1982.

__________.  Honkers and Shouters:  The Golden Years of Rhythm and Blues.  New York:  Macmillan Publishing Company, 1978.

Shelton, Robert.  The Country Music Story.  Secaucus, New Jersey: Castle Books, 1966.

Shestack, Melvin.  The Country Music Encyclopedia.  New York:  Thomas Y.  Crowell Company, 1974.

Simon, George T.  The Big Bands.  New York:  The Macmillan Company, 1967.

Smith, Wes.  The Pied Pipers of Rock'n'Roll:  Radio Deejays of the 50s and 60s.  Marietta, Georgia:  Longstreet Press, Inc., 1989.

Southern, Eileen.  The Music of Black Americans.  New York:  W.  W.  Norton, Inc., 1971.

Strait, Raymond and Terry Robinson.  Lanza:  His Tragic Life.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1980.

Stuessy, Joe.  Rock and Roll:  Its History and Stylistic Development.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1990 and 2nd Edition 1994. 

Szatmary, David P.  Rockin' in Time:  A Social history of Rock and Roll.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:  Prentice-Hall Inc., 1987, and 2nd Edition 1991, and 3rd Edition 1996.

Taraborrelli, J.  Randy.  Motown:  Hot Wax, City Cool, and Solid Gold.  Graden City, New York:  Doubleday & Co., 1986.

Thomas, Tony and Jim Terry.  The Busby Berkeley Book.  New York:  New York Graphic Society Ltd., 1973.

Tobler, John, ed.  The Rock'n'Roll Years:  The Chronicle of the Lives and Times of the Rock'n'Roll Generation from 1955 to the Present Day.  New York:  Crescent Books, 1990.

Tosches, Nick.  Dino:  Living High in the Dirty Business of Dreams.  New York:  Doubleday, 1992.

Tracy, Steven C.  Going to Cincinnati:  A History of the Blues in the Queen City.  Urbana, Illinois:  University of Illinois Press, 1993.

Wicke, Peter.  Translated by Rachel Fogg.  Rock Music: Culture, Aesthetics, and Sociology.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987, reprinted 1991.